Call at +86-15159508370

Leave a message

Basic steps for driving a forklift

  • 2023-08-11
I. Pre-operation inspection
Preparation and inspection before leaving the vehicle
1, the use of the vehicle to work to understand the situation, the shift personnel should be truthfully explain the work of the vehicle, the current state.
2、Check the appearance of the vehicle whether there is any bumping, whether the bolt is loose, whether the glass is intact, whether the parts are complete, whether the tire pressure reaches the stipulated air pressure, whether the tire is damaged.
3, tire wear standard to visual inspection whether to expose the tire line shall prevail, small wheeled vehicle trailer tire wear tire should be less than 8 cm. Check whether the forklift door frame \ is loose, such as loose to be tightened; 02 door such as deformation can be school, whether the paint is peeling off, such as peeling off can be made up to brush the paint.
4、Check whether the battery terminals are firm and reliable.
5, check whether the oil, water, gas leakage phenomenon, focusing on checking the water tank whether the lack of antifreeze, check the temperature should pay attention to the vehicle, first of all, observe the value of the water temperature gauge, the temperature exceeds 50 degrees prohibit the opening of the water tank cover, in order to avoid spattering accidents. Water tank to add antifreeze standard antifreeze level in the lower edge of the water tank cover.
6, check the vehicle oil leakage, lack of conditions, before checking the forklift must be static for more than ten minutes, to avoid the emergence of oil did not flow back to the tank in a timely manner, resulting in inaccurate oil meter values, check the oil scale must ensure that the cleanliness of the dipstick, such as the right side of the dipstick below the bottom of the scale line need to be added in time to add oil, the amount added to add not more than the top of the dipstick scale line.
7, check the vehicle engine belt, fan belt, generator belt has no signs of looseness or wear.
8、Check the engine for oil leaks and bearings for abnormalities.
9, check the meters, switches, lights, signals, windshield wipers are working properly
10, the instrumentation should be normal immediately after the engine next to waiting for the vehicle warm-up at the same time (warm-up is not less than five minutes), be sure to do look. Smell. Listen to the three, look: the parts have no oil spray. The oil pipe of the water pipe with or without oil leakage phenomenon. Smell: through their noses to perceive any odor, such as paste. Scorched flavor and so on. Listen: listen to the engine with or without abnormal noise. Fan at any abnormal noise. If there is a problem, you should immediately turn off the engine and do further inspection.
11, check the drive shaft bolts, steel plate spring bolts, wheel bolts, wheel bolts fastening is reliable, there is no damage to the phenomenon of fracture.
12、Check whether the parts of steering and braking system are flexible, safe and reliable.
13、Check whether the forklift's front fork device is up to working standard and whether the skin is complete to start the vehicle.
14、Place the gearshift in the neutral position, pull the hand brake lever upward to the end, and then turn on the power with the ignition key. The motor should be used a maximum of three times, not exceeding 3 seconds each time.
15, Depress the clutch pedal, then continue to turn the key to the "S" position, start the engine, once the engine starts, immediately release the key.
16, the engine warm-up process, to observe the various instruments, indicators work.
17, in the warm-up should be small throttle slowly refueling each indicator light, but with the oil pressure, air pressure rise, the warning light off.
18, when the barometer oil pressure reaches the target when the water temperature reaches more than 50C, the car has the starting conditions, before starting should release the manual valve.
19、After the engine is running smoothly, release the clutch pedal at an even speed.
20、After starting, pay attention to check the oil pressure and coolant temperature, and observe whether the meter reaches the standard.
Move the car to check
1, after all normal should check the lights, horn, reverse alarm, hand brake, foot brake integrity, check the brakes should pay attention to the vehicle in driving before the empty pedal two feet brake (45.32.25 tons of forklifts should be exhaust sound. 16 tons and small wheeled vehicles should be stepped on powerful) and then slowly driving the vehicle and then stepped on the brakes to see the braking distance, the vehicle braking distance should be directly proportional to the speed of the load, and the higher its speed. The higher the load, the longer the braking distance, such as exceeding the prescribed range must notify the maintenance inspector.
2、After the brake system test, the forklift should carry out no-load lifting action. When lifting, pay attention to observe whether the load chain is synchronized or not, whether there is any broken or disconnected phenomenon, whether the lubrication is sufficient or not, and whether the lifting pressure oil pipe is synchronized or not, whether there is any broken or leaking oil.25.32.45 tons forklift trucks should be inspected to see whether the left and right movement is smooth or not. Wheel bearings are not damaged, lubrication is adequate.
3, the steering system check to see whether the direction is synchronized with the steering wheel, there is no deflection, steering does not return, steering cylinder oil leakage and other phenomena.
4, after the completion of the test, if there is a problem should be immediately to the equipment guide or team leader report, do not understand, not clear issues in a timely manner to ask the shift personnel or team leader, received a report of the team leader in the confirmation of the situation to notify the supervisor in the case of need to get in touch with the maintenance and inspection personnel to make good communication and timely maintenance of the equipment, it is strictly prohibited to conceal the report. False reports and other situations, the driver after taking over the shift to stand in front of the forklift right waiting for the work task or listen to the team leader to arrange.
Standard operation sequence
A. Start the forklift:
1、Hold the steering wheel handle with your left hand;
2、Pull up the power switch handle with the right hand;
3、Insert the forklift key into the keyhole of the starter switch and gently rotate it 45 degrees to the right after the engine starts;
4、Hold the forklift front plug control lever with your right hand and press it downward, the front plug will be cocked (tilted back);
B. Engine startup check:
1, check the fuel gauge;
2, check the water temperature gauge; water temperature gauge is an important indicator of the engine operating temperature of the instrument, the outlet of the normal operating temperature of 75-85 ℃, radiator boiler or temperature is seriously low, indicating that there is a problem with the cooling system should be troubleshooting before use.
3, check the oil pressure gauge; is an important indicator of engine lubrication work. Normal use pressure of 0.2Mpa, slow speed pressure of 0.05MPa, oil pressure is seriously low or no pressure should be prohibited to use the forklift, with troubleshooting in use.
4、Check the odometer.
C. Check the turn signals:
1、Is it in normal working condition;
2、 Press down the horn with your right hand and listen to whether the sound is loud or not;
D. Release the handbrake:
1. Hold the handbrake handle with your left hand;
2. Press the button on the top of the handbrake handle with your thumb in a smooth manner;
3, then, do not let go of the hand, pull backward in a smooth manner;
4, and finally released to open the handbrake;
5, open the handbrake at the same time the left foot should be pressed on the foot brake pedal;
E. Push the gear lever to prepare for starting:
1、Gently place your hand on the steering wheel;
2, the left hand pinch the gear lever, gently push to the front;
3, at this time, the left foot is still placed on the foot brake to step on;
4, push the gear lever to the position of 1st gear;
5、Switch the left hand to hold the steering wheel handle, and then hold the shovel arm forward tilt lever with the left hand, pull the control sense backward, and tilt the shovel arm forward (rearward)
6、Then, the right hand will change to hold the gantry lifting control lever, and, pull the control lever backward for rising.7 The rigidity of the shovel arm rising from the ground is suitable for less than 500mm.
7, Forklift shall not be parked on the ramp with longitudinal slope greater than 5%.
F. When preparing to start:
1, look around to see if there is no one or things around the forklift to avoid danger.
2、Honk the horn before starting.
3. Start in 1st gear and drive slowly.
4 Forklift refueling precautions
1、When refueling, turn off the forklift before refueling.
2, refueling fuel, to open the forklift power supply, the purpose is to be able to see how much fuel refueling, so as not to add more diesel fuel to the outward spillage.
3, after adding fuel, to spill the excess diesel fuel with a white cloth to wipe clean!
5 Driving precautions
1, forklift traveling attention to make the engine water temperature to maintain at 80 ~ 90C.
2, pay attention to observe the oil pressure, according to the port regulations should not exceed 10km / h when driving at low speed, high speed
3、Drive not more than 20km/h, pay attention to observe whether the air pressure in the instrument reaches the standard.
4, forklift traveling, if a part of the failure, such as storage cylinder air pressure is reduced, then the warning light is on, in the vehicle should be stopped to check and report for repair in time.
5、During traveling, it is forbidden to put your foot on the clutch pedal, and your foot should leave the pedal immediately after shifting gears.

6, in the ice, snow, rain, fog and poor visibility of the road driving must be used in low-speed gear, forbidden to brake and turn sharply, otherwise it will make the vehicle side-slip tail and cause accidents, emergencies, low-speed gear has not slowed down, while light braking.

© Copyright: 2023 Xiamen Hifoune Technology Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.

IPv6 network supported

Friendly Links :

Alibaba Made In China

Leave A Message

Leave A Message

    If you are interested in our products and want to know more details,please leave a message here,we will reply you as soon as we can.