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How to ensure the stability of forklifts and avoid accidents

  • 2024-03-20
How to ensure the stability of forklifts and avoid accidents
1. Stable triangle

The forklift adopts a three-point suspension system. These three points are located in the middle between the two load wheels and the rear wheels. When connecting these points through fictional lines, a stable triangle is generated. Therefore, in order to avoid tipping over, the operator must ensure that the center of gravity combination of the forklift and load is always within a stable triangle.

2. The center of gravity of the load
It is crucial to pay attention to the center of gravity when lifting the goods. Meanwhile, it is also important to consider their overall focus.
When the load is not centered, such as the engine or other asymmetric items, you must carefully estimate the center of gravity. On the other hand, the load center of a heavy load may be much farther than a regular 24 inch load center.

Therefore, given the specific load height and load center, your forklift nameplate will tell you how much lifting capacity it has. If your load center exceeds the maximum lifting capacity of the forklift, your lifting capacity will be greatly reduced.

3. Forklift center of gravity
Lift forklifts also have a center of gravity that moves when the cargo is lifted. When the load is lifted, the center of gravity will move forward.

To ensure that the center of gravity of the forklift is always within a stable triangle, it is necessary to be careful not to lift the load center beyond the allowable limit value.

4. Operate in a secure environment
Keeping heavy objects in a lower position is a good habit for maintaining safe and stable loads. In addition, careful driving during parking, turning, and starting is an effective way to maintain stability. Also, don't forget to fasten your seat belt!
Be extra careful on slopes, ramps, or other uneven terrain. Do not lift or rotate heavy objects on uneven surfaces. In this case, your center of gravity will quickly shift beyond the stable triangle.

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